Solomon Ailans

Long Wikipedia
(Nupela rot i pinis long Solomon Ailan)
Go stret long: ol bikpela pes, painim
Solomon Islands
Motto"To Lead is to Serve"
SingsingGod Save Our Solomon Islands
Kapitol
(and largest city)
Honiara
9°28′S 159°49′E / 9.467°S 159.817°E / -9.467; 159.817
Tokples bilong gavman Tok Inglis
Ethnic groups (1999) Melanesian 94.5%
Polynesian 3%
Micronesian 1.2%
other 1.1%
unspecified 0.2%
Nem bilong manmeri Solomon Islander
Gavman Constitutional monarchy and parliamentary system
 -  Monarch Elizabeth II
 -  Governor General Frank Kabui
 -  Prime Minister Gordon Darcy Lilo
Independence
 -  from the United Kingdom 7 July 1978 
Hekte
 -  Olgeta 28,400 km2 (142nd)
10,965 sq mi 
 -  Wara (%) 3.2%
Manmeri
 -  2009 estimate 523,000[1] (170th)
 -  Densiti 18.1/km2 (189th)
46.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
 -  Olgeta $1.514 billion[2] 
 -  Long wanwan manmeri $2,818[2] 
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
 -  Olgeta $657 million[2] 
 -  Long wanwan manmeri $1,223[2] 
HDI (2007) Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.610 (medium) (135th)
Karansi Solomon Islands dollar (SBD)
Taim hap (UTC+11)
Drives on the left
Intanet kod .sb
Telefon kod +677

Solomon Ailans i stap wanpla independan kantri wantaim planti ol ailan long Osenia i wanem i stap is long Papua Niugini na not-wes long Vanuatu na gat ples sais long 28'400 (twenti-et tausen na foa-handet) skwea kilomita. Kapitol blong em i na bikpela taun long ol i stap Honiara long Guadalcanal ailan.

Ol ailan i bin stapim long pipol ol tausen long yia. Long 1568, Spanish wokabautman, Álvaro de Mendaña, i bin nambawan European long painim em na kolim en Islas Salomón. Long 1893 Yunaitet Kingdom i mekim en blong em na teritori. Taim blong Wol Woa II Solomon Ailains i bin lukim long planti paitim namel Yunaitet Stets na Japan na bikpela pait i wokim long Guadalcanal.

Bikpela nem blong en i bin "The British Solomon Islands Protectorate", bihain em i tanim long 'Solomon Islands" tasol long 1975. Long 1976 Solomon Ailans inap lukautim blong en na independans i bin givim tupela yia bihain. Tete, Solomon Ailan i stap Constitutional Monarchy (Konstitusinal Monarki) i wantaim Kwin blong Solomon Ailans i stap Kwin Ilisabet II long Head of State (Het blong Stet). Long Praim Minista nau i stap Gordon Darcy Lilo.

Independans[senisim | edit source]

Long ol 1950 lokal kaunsil i bin mekim bihain Wol Woa II. na wanpla nupela konstitusen i bin mekim long 1970 na ol eleksan i wokim, tasol narapla konstitusen i bin mekim long 1974. Long 1973 ol wel prais i go antap na Briten i painim em hat tru long lukautim displa nupela koloni.

Bihain independans blong Papua Niugini long Ostrelia long 1975, Solomon Ailans i bin givim lukautim yet long 1976 na independans i bin givim long 7th Julai 1978. Nambawan Praim Minista oltaim i bin Sir Peter Kenilorea. Solomon Ailans i nogat lusim Royalti blong Ingland.

Long Septemba 2012, Duke na Duchess long Chambridge (Duk na Dases long Kaimbris) i go lukim ol ailan long makim namba 60 yia bihain Ilisabet i tanim long Kwin.

Demographics (Ol Namba Nabaut Planti Samting)[senisim | edit source]

Nabaut 555'000 (faiv-handet na fifti-faiv tausen) pipol i stapim long Solomon Ailans, long ol displa, nabaut 94.5% i stap Melanesian, 3% Polinesian, 1.2% Mikronesian na tupela narapla kain long en na nabaut 3'000 (tri-tausen) Chinese (pipol blong Saina).

Namba long lokal toktok blong Solomon Ailans i stap 74, long en 70 i stapim na tokim, na 4 i stap dai pinis, olsem tingim blong Ethnologue. Tok Inglis i stap tokples blong gavman, tasol nabaut 1-2% long pipol i tokim en. Lingua Franca (toktok i tokim long planti pipol, tasol nogat tokples blong gavman) i stap Pijin, wanem i stap klostu Tok Pisin.

Nabaut 10% long pipol blong Solomon Ailans i gat blonde (hapwait) gras blong het. Em i stap natif kain long samting na nogat bikos Europeans tasol bikos long samkain gene wanem i mekim displa kala gras.

Ol provins[senisim | edit source]

Ol provins bilong Solomon Ailans
# Provins Kapitol Hekte
(km²)
Manmeri
census 1999
Manmeri
long km² (1999)
Manmeri
estimate 2009
1 Central Province Tulagi 615 21,577 35.1 24,226
2 Choiseul Province Taro Island 3,837 20,008 5.2 24,060
3 Guadalcanal Province (1) Honiara 5,336 60,275 11.3 79,555
4 Isabel Province Buala 4,136 20,421 4.9 23,209
5 Makira-Ulawa Province Kirakira 3,188 31,006 9.7 38,123
6 Malaita Province Auki 4,225 122,620 29.0 143,852
7 Rennell and Bellona Province Tigoa 671 2,377 3.5 2,174
8 Temotu Province Lata 895 18,912 21.1 21,190
9 Western Province Gizo 5,475 62,739 11.5 83,759
n/a Capital Territory Honiara 22 49,107 2,232.1 78,190
  Solomon Ailans Honiara 28,400 409,042 14.4 518,338

(1)Em i nogat kapitol blong em, tasol em i yusim Honiara wanem i stap kapitol blong Kapitol Teritori.

Ol referens[senisim | edit source]

  1. Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009). "World Population Prospects, Table A.1" (PDF). United Nations. Retrieved on 2009-03-12.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Solomon Islands. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved on 2010-04-21.