Ostrelia

Long Wikipedia
Go stret long: ol bikpela pes, painim
Commonwealth of Australia
SingsingAdvance Australia FairN1
Kapitol Kambra
Largest city Sidni
Tokples bilong gavman NogatN2
National language Tok Inglis (de facto)N2
Nem bilong manmeri Australian, Aussie[1][2]
Gavman Federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarchy Queen Elizabeth II
 -  Gavana-Jenerel Quentin Bryce
 -  Praim Minista Julia Gillard
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper House Senate
 -  Lower House House of Representatives
Independens Ikam long Yunaitet Kingdom 
 -  Constitution 1 Janueri 1901 
 -  Statute of Westminster 11 Disemba 1931 
 -  Statute of Westminster Adoption Act 9 Oktoba 1942 (with effect from 3 September 1939) 
 -  Australia Act 3 Mas 1986 
Hekte
 -  Olgeta 7,617,930 km2 (6th)
2,941,299 sq mi 
Manmeri
 -  2014 estimate 23,888,195[3] (50th)
 -  2006 census 19,855,288[4] 
 -  Densiti 2.833/km2 (233rd)
7.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Olgeta $882.344 billion[5] (17th)
 -  Long wanwan manmeri $39,692[5] (9th)
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Olgeta $1,219.722 billion[5] (13th)
 -  Long wanwan manmeri $54,868[5] (6th)
Gini (2006) 30.5[6] (medium
HDI (2010) Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.937[7] (very high) (2nd)
Karansi Australian dollar (AUD)
Taim hap variousN3 (UTC+8 to +10.5)
 -  Sama (DST) variousN3 (UTC+8 to +11.5)
Drives on the left
Intanet kod .au
Telefon kod +61

Ostrelia (Australia) oa bikpela nem, Commonwealth of Australia i stap wanpla kantri long bikpela ailan blong Pasifik. Em i gat Tasmanian ailan na planti moa liklik ailan. Em i stap namba sikis bikpela kantri long ol blong olgeta sais long ples. Klostu ol kantri i stap Indonisia, Is Timor na Papua Niugini long not, Solomon Ailans na Vanuatu long not-is na Niu Silan long sot-is.

Long Janueri 1, 1901, Ostrelia i tanim long independan kantri. Ostrelia i gat nabaut 24 milien pipol na long Praim Minista nau i stap Tony Abbott.

Bipo British i kam long Ostrelia, ol Aboriginal pipol i blong en nabaut 40'000 (foti-tausen) yia bipo. Ol i tokim moa long 250 (tu-handet na fifti) tokok famili. Ostrelia i nogat astok blong gavman, tasol ol kantri toktok blong en i stap Tok Inglis. Ol toktok olsem tu tokim i stap Tok Saina, Australian Kriol, Torres Strait Creole na sampla Indigenous toktok olsem Djambarrpuyngu, Warlpiri, Tiwi, Eastern Arrernte na Pitjantjatjara.

Ostrelia i stap bikpela kantri na i gat planti mani wantaim sampla narapla ol kantri na em i gat namba twelv bikpela ekonomi long ol. Ostrelia i stap memba wantaim United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation na Pacific Islands Forum.

Tok Blong Bipo[senisim | edit source]

Pipol i bin stapim long Australian Continent i nabaut 42'000 na 48'000 (foti-tu tausen na foti-et tausen) yia bipo, ating wantaim pipol i kam long ol graun-bris wataim ples olsem Papua Niugini na Ostrelia i bin wanpela ples olgeta. Nabaut 18th handet yia, pipol blong Yurop i kam, wataim Indigenous Australians i bin ol gat planti bikpela pasin.

Nambawan taim European i bin lukim Ostrelia ples, na nambawan taim European i bin sanap long Ostrelia graun i bikos Dutch man, Willem Janszoon. Em i bin lukim nambis blong Cape York Poin long bipotaim 1606.

Nabaut 1770, James Cook i salim long sip abrus na rekot is nambis wanem em i kolim 'New South Wales' (Nupela Saut Wels) na kirapim long Great Britain. Wantaim lus long Amerikan ples blong en long 1783, British Gavman i salim wanpla lain long sip kolim 'First Fleet' (Nambawan Lain long Sip) wanem i gat kalabusman long Inglan na bringim ol i long Ostrelia. En ol sip i ananit bosim long Kapten Arthur Phillip na mekim nupela ples blong en long New South Wales. Ol i stapim long Sydney Cove long 26th Janueri 1788 wanem i stap National De blong Ostrelia kolim Ostrelia De.

Ol indigenous pipol blong en i stap nabaut 750'000 na 1'000'000 (seven-handet na fifti tausen na wan milien) bipo European i kam long hap, tasol bihain European i statim, namba long indigenous i go daun, planti olsem sik i bringim long nupela Europeans. Wanpla nupela gavman pepa i statim wantaim Aboriginal Protection Act 1869 wanem i ansaim planti pikinini i tekewe long ol famili na komuniti - planti taim displa pipol i kolim Stolen Generation (Pipol i bin Tekewe) - wanpla tingting wanem i wokim poret namba long indigenous i go daun. Long 1967 Ostrelian gavman i mekim nupela loa long lukautim na nais poret Aboriginal Australians.

Ol Stet na Teritori[senisim | edit source]

Ostrelia i gat sikispela stet; New South Wales (NSW [Niu Saut Wels]), Queensland (QLD [Kwinslend]), South Australia (SA [Saut Ostrelia]), Victoria (VIC [Viktoria]) na Western Australia (WA [Wes Ostrelia]), na tupela bikpela graunples teritori, Australian Capitol Territory (ACT [Ostrelian Kapitol Teritori]) na Northern Territory (NT [Not Teritori]). Long planti taim, en tupela teritori i wokim olsem stet, tasol i lukim olsem teritori.

Ostrelia tu gat sampla longwe ples blong Ostrelia Gavman i kolim, Ashmore and Cartier Islands (Ashmor na Kartia Ailans), Australian Antarctic Territory (Ostrelian Antartik Teritori), Christmas Island (Krismas Ailan), Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Kokos (Keeling) Ailans), Coral Sea Islands (Koral Si Ailans), Heard and McDonald Islands (Herd na Mikdonal Ailans) na Jervis Bay Territory (Jevis Be Teritori).

Norfolk Island i tu wanpla autsait teritori blong Ostrelia, tasol Norfolk Island Act 1979 i givim en moa independans na i stap lokal i lukautim ailan, tasol em i stap ananit Ostrelian bosim liklik.  

Environment[senisim | edit source]

Ostrelia i gat plantikain long graun na bus na i stap kolim megadiverse country (kantri i gat planti bus tru). Bikos Ostrelia i stap olpela tru, planti long biota i stap bikpela na narakain long narapla ol ples. Nabaut 85% long bus i plaua i stap painim long Ostrelia tasol (i kolim 'endemic) na 84% long mamal, moa long 45% long pisin na 89% long nogat solwara pis, en i ol stap endemic. Tu, Ostrelia gat moa kain long palai long ol, wantaim 755 (seven-handet na fifti-faiv) kainkain long en.

Tasol Ostrelia i lusim ol displa kainkain bikos long tumas pipol na ol i bosim Environment na bus. Tasol Ostrelia i gat gut Environment loa na i stap traim long helpim Environment.


Referens[senisim | edit source]

  1. The Macquarie Dictionary
  2. Collins English Dictionary. Bishopbriggs, Glasgow: HarperCollins. 2009. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-00-786171-2. 
  3. Population clock. Australian Bureau of Statistics website. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved on 1 January 2011. The population estimate shown is automatically calculated daily at 00:00 UTC and is based on data obtained from the population clock on the date shown in the citation.
  4. Templet:Census 2006 AUS
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Australia. IMF website. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved on 6 October 2010.
  6. Distribution of family income – Gini index. The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved on 2009-09-01.
  7. Human Development Report 2010. United Nations (2010). Retrieved on 4 November 2010.


(Dispela pes Ostrelia em i liklik tumas. Yu inap raitim moa sapos yu laik halivim Wikipedia. Hau?)